Moringa for Life

Moringa For Life intends to create awareness about THE MIRACLE TREE MORINGA (Sohanjna) among the all components of the society including professionals, businessmen and students (all genders). Moringa has the potential as high quality food for nutrition, medicine, water purification, health drinks and products, biodiesel, fodder, feed, edible oil, cosmetics and so many other uses. Its efficient use can help reduce malnutrition, increase crop yields, milk production, a new vegetable and exploring new area for agro based industries.

http://www.moringausa.com/moringa-tree-history.htm

http://www.moringatoday.com/history.html


Introduction

Moringa oleifera Lam. belonging to family Moringaceae is native to the sub-Himalayan tracts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. Although the name “Shigon” for M. oleifera is mentioned in the “Shushruta Sanhita” which was written in the beginning of the first century A.D., there is evidence that the cultivation of this tree inIndia dates back many thousands of years. The Indians were familiar with significance of its different parts leaves, roots and seeds. It is probable that the common people also knew of its value as a fodder or vegetable.

It is now cultivated throughout the Middle East, and in almost the whole tropical belt. It was introduced in Eastern Africa from Indiaat the beginning of 20th century. In Pakistan the two most important species of moringa having characters same as that of the family Moringnance are Moringa oleifera and Moringa concanensis. Moringa oleifera distributed Perhaps indigenously in the sub-Himalayan tracts but commonly cultivated in the Punjab plains, Sind and Baluchistan and elsewhere throughout India and many other tropical countries. Moringa concanensis is distributed inIndia (Rajputana) and Baluchistan and Sind areas of Pakistan.

This tree can be found growing naturally at elevations of up to 1,000 m above sea level. It can grow well on hillsides but is more frequently found growing on pastureland or in river basins. It is a fast growing tree and has been found to grow to 6 – 7 m in one year in areas receiving less than 400 mm mean annual rainfall (Odee, 1998). In the Dravidian language, there are many local names for this tree but all are derived from the generic root “Morunga”. In English it is commonly known as Horseradish tree, Drumstick tree, Never Die tree, West Indian Ben tree, and Radish tree.


Moringa for Life (MFL)

Moringa has the potential of supplying high nutritious food, medicinal products, water purifier, energy drinks and products, fodder, edible oil, biodiesel, bio-pesticides, fungicides and cosmetics. Its efficient use can help reducing malnutrition, increasing crop yield and milk and meat production. It is a new vegetable which can be further explored for agro based industries. So it was dire need of time to organize people and provide a platform to community for getting maximum benefits from this Miracle tree.

MFL is a non-profitable, volunteer and community based organization which is working to create awareness among community about importance of moringa and motivating them for planting Moringa oleifera (moringa) commonly called as “sohanjna” inPakistan.

Objectives: To organize students, farmers, scientists and common person with the aim “to eradicate malnutrition and to ensure food security crisis in Pakistan by planting moringa.

Activities:

  • Provision of seed / seedlings
  • Plantationdays MFL member launched door to door moringa plantation campaign in August 2011.
  • Seminars, workshops and supply of information regarding plantation of moringa and utilization of different parts of moringa in the form of brouchers, pamphlets and internet
  • International conference: International conference on moringa-a miracle tree is tentatively scheduled on November 19-20, 2012.
  • Awareness Program: MFL activists are running awareness campaign in government and private institutes and at farmers’ level as well. The students, researchers and farmers are being motivated through seminars, lectures and focal meetings to plant moringa at their homes, institutes and farms.

Membership:

Membership is open for every interested person (Farmer, student, scientist and researcher) by filling up registration form available on MFL website.

Responsibilities of member:

The members will be responsible for creating awareness about moringa to maximum people in his/her approach (colleagues/classmates/ neighbours /family etc.) and planting personally moringa plants as many as possible.

 

 

MORINGA FOR LIFE CABINET

President

Dr. Shahzad Maqsood AhmedBasra

Senior Vice President

HafeezurRehman

Vice President I

Sammar

Vice President II

Hafiz Masood Ahmed

General Secretary

Finance Secretary

Mohsin Bashir

Press Secretary

Asif Riaz Taj

Seed Incharge

Idrees Faisal

Moringa the most effective and cheapest crop growth enhancer

Moringa oleifea leaf extract (MLE) is a very effective, easy and cheap crop growth enhancer which increases the crop yield very effectively up to 15-35%. We have proved that MLE is better or comparable in enhancing economic yields than the commercial enhancers in the market. MLE is rich in growth regulating hormones like zeatin, antioxidants (46 reported including ascorbate, phenolics), nutrients (K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe). The effectives has been proved on a variety of crops like wheat, maize, rice, pea, tomato etc. Through various research experiments, the extraction, dilution and application of MLE has been devised as following.

Preparation of MLE

The preparation of MLE consists of following steps

  1. i. Leaves Collection

For MLE always collect young leaves / branches of moringa from plant of any age or height.

  1. ii. MLE Extraction

The juice from young shoots (leaves and tender branches) is extracted with a pinch of water (1 L / 10 kg fresh material) in any grinding machine. However, Dept. of Crop physiology,Univ.of Agriculture Faisalabad also designed a locally fabricated extraction machine (manual machine which is used for pomegranate juice extraction with thin sieve). If the machine is not available you can use shaker, mortal and pestle (don’t add water).

  1. iii. MLE Filtration

Filter the juice extracted from leaves to get rid of residues present in it. The filtration also prevents the risk of fungus attack during foliar spray. For filtration 4 layers of cheese cloth / cotton cloth can be used at farmer field level. If facilities are available centrifuge can serve the purpose of filtration.

iv. MLE Dilution

A series of experiments was conducted in department of crop physiology in collaboration with other department ofUniversityofAgriculture Faisalabad-Pakistanto optimize MLE concentration. Different crops like wheat, maize, pea, tomato and rice and range grasses were used during these research experiments. It was found that MLE works effectively when it is 30 times diluted with water (one part MLE mixed with 30 parts of water).

Application method for MLE

  1. Seed priming

Seeds of respective crops are soaked in 30 times diluted MLE for 8 hours (over night). The seeds should remain merged in the solution. Then seeds are dried under shade and are sown in field or pots.

  1. Foliar spray

Field crops: Spray MLE at at least two critical growth stages like tillering, heading,

Vegetable: Spray weekly.

Further Readings

http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/havuz/tar-1009-1261.pdf

http://www.fspublishers.org/jass/past-issues/JASSVOL_7_NO_2/3.pdf


Our research activities

Leaves of Moringa oleifera are rich in zeatin, a cytokinin in addition to other growth enhancing compounds like ascorbates, phenolic and minerals like Ca, K, and Fe that makes it an excellent crop growth enhancer.

Moringa leaf extract is best used as plant growth enhancer. Foidle (1999) carried out a project named “Biomasa” to grow moringa and explored the foliar effects of its extract at three different concentration i.e., low (12.5 g MLE in 100 ml water), medium (25g MLE in 100 ml water) and high (50g MLE in 100 ml water) on radish and bean (25 ml per plant). It was reported that medium level of MLE was more effective than other treatments. There was an increase of 94% in radish and 65% in bean because of MLE application.

Lab experimentation had shown that Moringa spray had a wide range of beneficial effects on plant crops. Effects of spray indicated accelerated growth of young plants. Plants were firmer, more resistant to pests and disease, longer life-span, heavier roots, stems and leaves, produced more fruit, larger fruit, increase in yield 20-35% even if a fraction of these results could be reproduced in the field it could be a great help in increasing food supplies for millions of hungry people (Foidle et al., 2001).

Wheat

MLE was used as foliar application in wheat under field conditions. An increase of 10.73, 6.00, 10.70 and 4.00% was seen in 1000 grain weight, biological yield, grain yield and harvest index respectively, when crop was sprayed with MLE at tillering + jointing + booting + heading. MLE spray only at heading gave 6.84, 3.17, 6.80 and 3.51% more 1000-grain weight, biological yield, grain yield and harvest index respectively, as compared to control. MLE extended the seasonal leaf area duration (SLAD) by 16.41 and 11.48% over control when applied at all growth stages and single spray at heading, respectively. The foliar MLE spray delayed the crop maturity, extent SLAD and grain filling period thereby leading to greater seed and biological yields in late sown wheat .

In another study wheat seeds primed with moringa leaf extract gave average grain yield of 2356 kg/ha significantly higher than unprimed.

MLE also mitigate the salinity effects in wheat. MLE primed wheat seed showed more emergence index, reduction in mean emergence time and took minimum time to attain 50 % emergence under moderate salinity. MLE foliar application exhibited larger leaf area in check and moderately saline soil. MLE priming and foliar spray of MLE induced higher leaf total soluble protein and antioxidants i.e. superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase observed in MLE priming at 8 dS m-1. Among non-enzymatic antioxidants (total phenolic contents and ascorbic acid) MLE foliar spray ranked first under moderate salinity. MLE foliar spray contribute more for yield contributing parameters under normal saline conditions but more contribution was observed from MLE priming in moderately saline conditions. Overall, MLE priming proved a potential tool to induce salinity stress tolerance in wheat (Azra et al., 2011b).

Maize

MLE was used as priming agent in hybrid maize. Seed primed with moringa leaf extract (MLE) diluted to 30 times with tap water increased the germination speed and spread and seedling vigor under cool conditions (Nauman, 2008).

High temperature at planting delayed the seedling emergence in control while seed priming treatments resulted in earlier and vigorous seedling stand. Among all the strategies, osmopriming with MLE diluted 30 timesreduced mean emergence time (MET) (8.967 vs 9.097 d) and increased final emergence (FEP) (83.33 vs 86.333) under optimum as well late planted conditions as compared to control. Agronomic and yield related traits were significantly affected by seed priming at both sowing dates. Comparatively reduced days to tasseling (49.00 vs 50.00 d), silking (53.667 vs 55.000 d) while delayed maturity (102.0 vs 100.3 d) were observed by MLE priming. Maximum number of grains rows per cob (34.933 vs 31.500), total kernel rows per cob (14.30 vs 13.63), higher number of grains per cob (1271.0 vs 1114.0) were recorded for MLE priming. Similarly improved biological (66.75 vs 60.53 t ha-1) and economical yield (6.97 vs 6.23 t ha-1) were recorded for osmopriming with MLE under both optimum and delayed planted conditions.Increased yield by MLE priming was attributed to enhanced seedling emergence, chlorophyll contents and cell membrane permeability (Mehboob, 2011).

Rice

Seed priming treatments included viz. hydropriming, osmopriming with KCl, CaCl2 and moringa leaf extracts (MLE diluted to 30 times). Earlier and uniform crop stand, improved yield and quality attributes were recorded by seed priming treatments in DSR with FC and AWD conditions. Among the priming treatments, KCl and MLE primed seeds emerged earlier and uniform under DSR-FC and AWD as indicated by reduced E50 (2.22 vs 5.55 d) and MET (10.51 vs 11.61 d) and higher EI (222.25 vs 156.06) values. Higher final emergence (FE) (326 vs 209) was also recorded by KCl and MLE priming under both FC and AWD conditions. Higher agronomic and yield contributing attributes were found for nursery transplanted rice. But altered irrigation supply at FC or AWD also resulted in improved panicle length (23.00 vs 20.5 cm), productive tillers (369 vs 335); biological (14 vs 10.4 t ha-1) and economic yield (2.61 vs 2.14 t ha-1) in MLE followed by CaCl2 priming as compared to control (hydropriming) and other treatments (Kamran, 2011).


Moringa cultivation methods

Pre-sowing Treatment of Moringa Seeds

Moringa seeds give high germination percentage when fresh seeds are sown. The germination may take 6-14 days for completion but this time can be minimized by soaking the moringa seeds in aerated water for 8 hours. This soaking not only minimizes the germination time but also increases the final germination percentage and plant vigour.

d) Planting Methods

M. oleifera can be planted by both asexual means (by stem cuttings) and sexual (by seeds).

i) Asexual Propagation

Mature stems or branches are used as cuttings for asexual propagation. For this purpose following steps are followed.

  1. Take a 6 feet long and 2 inches in diameter mature woody branch or stem of two years old trees.
  2. Dig a pit of 1 cubic meter (1x1x1).
  3. Place two third part of cutting in this pit and fill it with a mixture of soil, sand and compost preferably green manure and affirm the cutting from the base to avoid shaking.
  4. Make a dome around the stem cutting to protect the cutting from direct hit of water.
  5. Water charitably, but do not drown the cuttings in water.
  6. Put some cow dung on the upper tip of the cutting to avoid water losses through respiration and protect the stem from insects and pests attack.

ii) Sexual Propagation

Moringa seeds have no dormancy periods and can give 90-100% germination when planted as soon as they are mature and they have the ability to germinate even up to one year but the germination percentage goes down. The following steps should be carried out during direct seeding.

  1. Light sandy loam and well prepared site should be chosen.
  2. Make and keep the soil wet enough that the top soil should not get dry before seeding but not too wet the seeds drown in the water and struck by root rot.
  3. Generally moringa does not require any additional fertilizer but pre sowing fertilizer NPK can be applied in the field
  4. Planting density can be kept at 100,000 plants per hectare (10×10 cm) out of which 60,000 plants can survive after two years.
  5. Prefer to sow fresh mature seeds.
  6. Soak the seeds in aerated water for 8 hours to enhance the germination rate.
  7. Place the seeds 2 cm deep in the soil by drill method.
  8. Prefer to place 2 or 3 seeds in one hole to avoid less number of plants.
  9. After one month, keep only one plant in each hole to avoid competition.
  10. Use any effective termiticide because temites are big danger to the moringa young saplings.

iii) Transplantation

Moringa seeds are sown in plastic trays in a mixture of soil, sand and green manure. When the plants reach at the age of one week, they can be transplanted in the big containers. It is very tedious job which require a lot of care especially in respect to moringa seedlings due to their fragile nature. Moringa seedlings respond to stress conditions when being transplanted from plastic trays or bags because they receive new edaphic conditions. When the seedlings are transplanted in the containers, they come under stress but due to their strong adaptability nature, they overcome this stress but it may take one to two weeks.

Before transplanting the seedlings, some precautions should be kept in mind.

  1. Water the plants in the container
  2. Disturb the plant root system as little as possible
  3. Transplant the seedlings late in the day, so they can recover themselves all at night.
  4. If possible, place the containers under florescent lights for some days after transplantation

a) Steps in Transplanting in containers

  1. Fill the pot or container with a mixture of soil, sand and green manure two inches below the top container
  2. Water the container soil and saturate it with water containing commercial fertilizer if possible.
  3. Dig out a hole in the container to place the moringa seedlings.
  4. Plant the seedling carefully with much attention to avoid root damage.
  5. Now fill the hole gently with soil and firm it around the roots.
  6. Now once again water the container but not waterlog the soil.
  7. Now place the container in day light or under florescent lights for some days.

b) Steps in Field Transplantation

  1. Prepare the field and saturate the soil before transplantation and apply fertilizer.
  2. Dig out holes in the field at 30×45 cm.
  3. Transplant the seedlings late in the day afternoon.
  4. After transplantation, water the field but not waterlog the soil
  5. If plants are not erect, then stake them with stick until they get firmed themselves.

iii) Under marginal land

Moringa seeds and stem cuttings cannot be propagated in waterlogged soils due to chances of root rot disease. So, in waterlogged and high rainfall receiving areas, the seeds and cuttings are planted by making small mounds to protect them from waterlogged conditions. Same practice can be applied in salt affected soils to avoid salt stress.

In drought or low rainfall receiving areas, moringa trees can be irrigated by drip irrigation method. The distance between two holes can be kept at 20 cm. This one drip hole is sufficient for four plants at 10×10 cm. Long taproot of Moringa oleifera makes it resistant to drought and can intake more water from deep soil.

As Field crop:

Just follow the method of maize plantation (choppa method). Ridge sowing, 3×3 apart rows, 2×2 feet plant to plant distance. Immediately flood and spray Round up as weedicide within 12 h. When plants reach 3 feet cut the top and all the leaves and shoots. Then onward maintain the 3’ height and cut foliage when ever ready.

Further Readings

http://www.avrdc.org/LC/indigenous/moringa.pdf

http://en.moringa.co.il/Professional-Articles

Moringa a Food for Malnutrition

Malnutrition is a state of poor nutrition that results from insufficient or unbalanced diet, caused by insufficient diet and poorly balanced foods as well. This dilemma is being faced throughout the world principally in developing and under developed countries. Food and Agriculture Organization reported her survey in 2006 comprising the ranking of the countries which are facing the malnutrition problem seriously. The following table briefly describes this devastating situation of malnutrition and undernourishment in some Asian and African countries.

Rank Wise List of Countries Facing Malnutrition

Serial No.

Country

Percentage of population suffering from undernourishment

Ranking

1

Ethiopia

46

8

2

Bangladesh

30

21

3

Pakistan

23

28

4

Sri Lanka

22

29

5

India

20

31

6

Nepal

17

34

7

China

12

38

8

Indonesia

6

44

9

Iran

4

46

10

Egypt

3

47

Malnutrition ultimately causes the health problems especially in children and women. Most commonly, malnourished or undernourished people lack enough calories in their diet, or are eating a diet that do not have sufficient protein, vitamins, or trace minerals. Medical problems arising from malnutrition are commonly referred to as deficiency diseases, which some times become endemic. Scurvy is a well-known and now rare form of malnutrition, in which the victim is deficient in vitamin C. Viamin A defficiancy is also a major health problem which is being faced particularly in developing countries.

A national survey reported very poor nutritional status of women and children inPakistan, with an estimated 38% of children between the ages of six months and five years reported underweight. Such deficit circumstances are systematically higher in rural areas probably due to the lower socio-economic status and very poor access to basic health services. Recent exponential rise in inflammation has aggravated the situation. It is hard to manage simple and basic food for middle class while impossible three meals a day for the poor class. The fruit and fresh vegetable are becoming out of reach of poor class. It is aggravating the malnutrition affected population. But nature always has a solution. Where there is a way, there is a will.

These deficiencies are being combat in developing countries through locally produced fruits and vegetables which are rich in nutrition. The best possible approach especially for developing countries to meet the malnutrition problems is the use of leaves from forage plants or trees having marvelous attributes of high nutritional value. The best God gifted plant in Indo-Pak region which have best nutritive value not only for human beings but for livestock animals as well is Moringa oleifera, which is commonly named as “Sohanjna” inPakistan. This is a miracle tree which has immense nutritional and medicinal values. It is native to sub Himalayan tracts ofPakistan,India,Bangladesh andAfghanistan but is being widely propagated throughout the whole tropical belt around the world.

Various research and development studies in developed and developing countries have reported that this tree is very suitable for the malnourished countries. In recent times, it has been recorded and proved that this is a tree for life, which is a great indigenous source of highly digestible protein, Ca, Fe and Vitamin C, which are essential for human beings. Its dry leaves contains 7 times more vitamin C than orange, 10 times vitamin A than carrot, 17 times calcium than milk, 15 times Potassium than bananas, 25 times iron than spinach and 9 times proteins than yogurt. Beside these, this plant also contains vitamin B-complex, chromium, copper, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus and zinc. Moringa is also a best source of “Ben Oil” 30-42% in its seeds, with 13% saturated fats and 82% unsaturated fatty acids, which are very good for a healthy diet. The leaves and pods, surprisingly, also contain 1-2% fats. Since Moringa is a mother of all essential macro and microelements that also provides some of the absolutely essential fats.

M. oleifera leaves have become a recommended food supplement

Classical supplement for catch-up

growth in malnourished children

Moringa leaf powder supplement
Whole milk powder – 110g

Sugar – 50g

Oil – 30g

Electrolyte/mineral – 20ml

Made up with water to 1000ml

Spoonful thrice daily (total 25g)

along with millet broth

Moringa solve the problem of availability and affordability to all results in improvement from day 10. Leaf powder now recommended in Africa andAsiaas a nutritional supplement for lactating mothers, Infants and children

 

Mean nutritional values of 100 grams Moringa oleifera leaf powder.

Dry matter 90-95%

Proteins 20-26 grams

Total ash (= total minerals) 8-11 grams

Minerals

Calcium (Ca) 1600-2200 mg

Potassium (K) 800-1800 mg

Magnesium (Mg) 350-500 mg

Phosphorus (P) 200-600 mg

Iron (Fe) 18-28 mg

Manganese (Mn) 5-9 mg

Zinc (Zn) 5-3 mg

Copper (Cu) 7-1 mg

Vitamins

Vitamin C 15-100 mg

Vitamin A (as ß-carotene) 4000-8000 μg retinol eq.

Vitamin E (as a-tocopherol) 80-150 mg

 

Further Readings

http://www.moringausa.com/nutritionalvalues.htm

http://www.moringanews.org/doc/GB/Posters/Broin_poster.pdf

http://www.dolcas-biotech.com/pdf/Moringa.pdf

http://mesacam.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/moringa-leaf-powder.pdf

http://www.moringafarms.com/resources/echo_powder.pdf


Traditional Medicine

 

Moringa has been used in the traditional medicine for centuries in many cultures around the word, for skin infections, anemia, anxiety, asthma, blackheads, blood impurities, bronchitis, catarrh, chest congestion, cholera, conjunctivitis, cough, diarrhea, eye and ear infections, fever, glandular, swelling, headaches, abnormal blood pressure, hysteria, pain in joints, pimples, psoriasis, respiratory disorders, scurvy, semen deficiency, sore throat, sprain, tuberculosis, for intestinal worms, lactation ,diabetes and pregnancy. The healing properties of Moringa oil have been documented by ancient cultures. Moringa oil has tremendous cosmetic value and is used in body and hair care as a moisturizer and skin conditioner. Moringa oil has been used in skin preparations and ointments since Egyptian times.

Further Readings

Moringa review medicinal properties

Moringa Medicinal Uses

Moringa a cheap solution to malnutrition

Health Benefits of Moringa

Diabetes

Anti-oxidants Tesfay et al

http://www.moringanews.org/doc/GB/Groups/Group_1_Melanie_GB.pdf

http://www.moringatoday.com/health.html


MORINGA AS LIVESTOCK FODDER

M. oleifera belongs to mono-genus family “Moringaceae” having 12 other species. All these species are native to India, the Red Sea area and parts of Africa including Madagascar. M. oleifera is the only species of the family Moringaceae which is cultivated as a crop. It is fast growing species which is easily adaptable under stress conditions. Due to its fast growth, deep roots and high mineral contents, it is considered a good alternative fodder crop for livestock. Now a days, livestock production capacity is decreasing day by day due to low quality forages and it drastically decreases in dry season when no other fodder is available. In those days, moringa is like a light in darkness due to its provision of good mineral quality forage. It can be easily grown like a fodder crop not only for livestock but also for fishes. It does not only increase the milk production but also improves its quality being rich in nutrients like iron, potassium, calcium and multivitamins which are essential for livestock for weight gain and increase in milk production. These plants give high dry matter (DM) yield 4.2-8.3 tons ha-1 depending on the seasons and ecological zones. Low quality livestock fodders or rations which are poor in protein can also be improved by adding moringa leaves as a supplement because they improve DM intake and digestibility of the fodder by livestock and also enriches protein in fish diet. Its leaves contain 22.8% crude protein, 22.8% acid detergent fiber (ADF) and 30.8% neutral detergent fiber (NDF) beside crude fat, carbohydrate and ash was 412.0 g/kg, 211.2 g/kg and 44.3 g/kg, respectively which are good for livestock production. Moringa leaves are also good and healthy substitutes of soybean and rapeseed meals for ruminants as protein sources which could also improve the microbial protein synthesis in the rumen.

Further Readings

http://www.tfljournal.org/files/Moringa%20for%20fodder%20&%20spray%20(screen).pdf

http://www.moringanews.org/documents/Reyesthesis.pdf


Water Purification

Generally, coagulants are used for (physical and chemical) purification of turbid raw waters. At very high turbidity the water can no longer be adequately treated by using filters. Coagulants have to be applied to transform water constituents into forms that can be separated out physically. In large scale treatment plants Aluminum Sulphate is used as a conventional chemical coagulant. As an alternative to conventional coagulants, Moringa oleifera seeds can be used as a natural coagulant (primary coagulant) in household water treatment as well as in the community water treatment systems. Natural coagulant properties were found in 6 different moringa species by laboratory studies.

Preparation of the coagulant solution and the method of treatment

Moringa seeds can be used as coagulants. Seed solutions may be prepared from either seed kernels or the solid residue (press cake) obtained following extraction of seed oil.

Seed kernels

i. Matured seeds are removed from the pods, and shelled.

ii. Seed kernels are crushed and sieved (0.8 mm mesh or similar).

iii. The seed powder is mixed with a small amount of clean water to form a paste.

iv. The paste is then diluted to the required strength before using it

(Dosing solutions can be prepared from 0.5 to 5% concentration, e.g. 0.5 to 5 g/l.).

v. Insoluble material is filtered out using either a fine mesh screen or muslin

cloth.

vi. The milky white suspension is added to the turbid water and stirred fast at least for half a minute.

vii. Then the water must be slowly and regularly stirred (15 to 20 rotation per minute) for about five minutes.

Viii. After stirring the treated water should be covered and left to settle for at least one hour. If moved or shaken before then, clarification will take much longer or fail to reach completion.

Press cake

Press cake should be ground to a fine powder and sieved. Solution preparation is

the same as for seed kernels.

Note

Solution containers should be cleaned between batches to remove insoluble seed material and fresh solution should be prepared every 8 hours. For practical reasons of solution preparation, the use of powdered seed kernels is only recommended for treatment systems up to 10m³ /hour.

Dosage of the coagulant

Raw water turbidity (NTU) Dose range (mg/L)

<50 10 – 50

50-150 30 – 100

>150 50 – 200

The amount of seed required will vary depending on the raw water source and on the raw water quality. The advantage of seed use is that, there is a wide dose range over which effective treatment may be achieved and maintained. The table above gives a rough guide to determine the dose requirement. Dosages are given as equivalent weight of seed powder or press cake material required to make up the dosing solution.

Advantages and Disadvantages of using Moringa coagulant

Advantages:

i. Cheap and easy method for developing countries (especially at household level).

ii. The efficiency is independent of raw water pH.

iii. The processing doesn’t modify the pH of the water.

iv. It doesn’t alter the water taste (unless a very high dose is added).

v. The low volume of sludge precipitated is biodegradable and hence an environmentally sound technology.

Disadvantages:

i. The treatment makes the water clear and drinkable but the purified water might still carry some (very few) pathogenic germs or microorganisms.

ii. A secondary increase of the bacterial after the water coagulation could be possible.

 

Further Readings

http://www.miracletrees.org/moringa_water_purification.html

http://www.deutsch-aethiopischer-verein.de/Gate_Moringa.pdf

http://www.jalmandir.com/

Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UKhCFtY4cTI


FAQs
Q. If moringa is native plant then why people not aware about its benefits?
R.

Q. How we can use its leaves in our diet?
R. The leaves can be used as leaf powder after drying the leaves under shade. If the leaves are dried in sunlight, its nutritional quality will be deteriorated.

Q. What is benefit of seed priming with moringa leaf extract (MLE)?
R. MLE improves the germination and plant vigour when the seeds are soaked in MLE (30 times diluted) with water.

Q. From where moringa seed available??
R. (Here the link can be pasted either of facebook or the website, preferably of website)

Q. How it can be planted as fodder?
R. Moringa seeds can be directly sown in filed at 10×10 cm planting distance. The plants can be regularly harvested at 3 feet height after every 30 days interval.

Q. Is MLE available at commercial scale?
R. Currently, it is not available commercially.

Q. How we can extract moringa oil?
R.

Q. What is future market of moringa?
R. Moringa seeds, roots and fresh pods can be sold in vegetable markets. On large business scale, moringa seed oil is highly potential marketing product which can generate big revenue for oil industries.


Download membership form

  Moringa for Life Membership form

Moringa For Life Cabinet

Designation

Name

Contact

President

Dr. Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra (Ph.D. crop physiology)

Professor, Department of Crop Physiology,UniversityofAgricultureFaisalabad-Pakistan

shehzadbasra@gmail.com

Off: 0092 41 ———-

Senior Vice President

HafeezurRehman (Ph.D. Crop Physiology)

Lecturer, Department of Crop Physiology, Universityof Agriculture Faisalabad-Pakistanhafeezcp@gmail.com

Vice President I

Sammar Naqvi (Ph.D. Horticulture)

Lecturer, Institute of Horticultural Sciences,UniversityofAgricultureFaisalabad-Pakistan

Vice President II

Hafiz Masood Ahmed (M. Phil. Forestry)

Lecturer, Department of Forestry, Range Management and Wildlife,UniversityofAgricultureFaisalabad-Pakistan

General Secretary

Wasif Nouman

wnouman@gmail.com

Finance Secretary

Mohsin Bashir (M.Phil. Horticulture)

Lecturer, Institute of Horticultural Sciences,UniversityofAgricultureFaisalabad-Pakistan

Press Secretary

Asif Riaz Taj (M.Phil. Horticulture)

asif_riaz_taj@yahoo.com

Seed Incharge

Idrees Faisal (M.Phil. Crop Physiology)

idrees.1875@gmail.com


MFL Representatives

Asif Raza

asif.ihsan@gmail.com

Peshawar

 

Noman Ashraf

0313-7842624

nomanashraf98@gmail.com

Gujrat

 

Majid Aziz

Sargodha

0314-8617330

 

M.Akbar

Jaranwala

0300-7987240

 

Ch. Sohail Rasheed

Sahiwal

03336922755

 

Dr. Amir Saleem

Arid Agri. Univ

0333-5822202

 

Hafiz Naeem

Lahore

0300-4872591

 

Umar Zaman Warraich

Gujranwala

0333-8205668

 

Nadeem Raza

Sialkot

0344-4445656

 

Zulfiqar Ali

Multan

0344-4471908

alban127@hotmail.com

 

Noman Ashraf

0313-7842624

nomanashraf98@gmail.com

 

Omer Sidat

0300-8227074

Karachi

 

Aqeel Ahmad Malik

Bahawalnagar

0321-7304169

 

Dr Azeem Khalid

AridAgricultureUniversity

0514420827

 

Mr. Asif Iqbal

PakInternationalSchool,

Al- Khubar

Kingdome ofSaudi Arabia

0544836570

 

Dr. Zia ul Hassan SHah

Assistant Professor

UniversityofAgriculture,

Tando Jam, Sindh

0333-6517729

 
















12 Comments

  1. really ita a miracle plant…..but i wana ask is thr any disadvantage of dz?????????

  2. Not known. But this plant is more sucesstable to fell to heavy storms

  3. Thats great Shahzad bhai. You are doing a great work towards the awairness of moringa.

    is it easily available on nursries in Lahore?

    • Dear shafiq Bhai
      Walaikum aslam. I dont think you can find moringa on a nursery. The ideal season for its plantation is July august and Feb march. Please contact during the season for seeds.

  4. Sir You are doing great job.

  5. Great job. I would like to know about this in future as well. How I can obtain seeds from you, and what is the cost?

  6. Sohanjna flowers are usually used for meal after cooking. Is their benefits are the same as it’s seeds?

    • Dear Afzal. Seeds are rich in antibiotics and used as pain killer as well

  7. Dear Shahzad,I m a prostate patient and I have two Questions as below:
    1.Can I use the Moringa seeds for cure of the urinary problems?
    2.If yes,are there any available research\results on the subject?

    • Dear Azhar. Moringa is being used for many diseases. Since I am a plant scientest so It is difficult for me to give recommendations. Its use will definely improve the health. Plz consult your physician.

  8. Thank you for the great information. I never know of the benefits of Moringa .

  9. sir i m the student of Msc hons 1st semester nd i have to work on fodder crops. i want towork on seed priming on fodder crops.can v aply moring also in ssed priming?

Wordpress Themes - Wordpress Video Themes - Wordpress Travel Themes - WordPress Restaurant Themes